John Raynsford Longley, born in 1867, was educated at Cheltenham
College and received a regular commission in The East Surrey Regiment
in 1887 after serving for two years in the 4th Militia Battalion,
The East Surrey Regiment.
He first saw active service in 1902 in South Africa where he served
under General Kitchener, first as Adjutant and then as Second-in-Command
of the Canadian Scouts during the operations in the Transvaal, Orange
Free State and Cape Colony, for which he received the Queen’s
Medal with four clasps.
After the South African War, he took over the Adjutancy of a Volunteer
(Brecknockshire) Battalion of the South Wales Borderers (he had
already served as Adjutant of 1st East Surreys), but returned to
the Regiment again in 1903 on promotion to Major.
Lieutenant Colonel Longley was commanding 1st East Surreys when
they went to France in August, 1914, and he fought at Mons, Le Cateau,
the Marne, the Aisne, La Bassée and Armentiéres. According
to contemporary reminiscences he was a fine commanding officer,
courageous to a fault. He set an example of leadership and initiative
and was a constant source of inspiration to the officers and men
of his battalion.
Early in 1915 he was promoted to command the 82nd Infantry Brigade.
It was constantly in action during the next twelve months and fought
at, amongst other places, St Julien, Bullevarde and Hooge. Towards
the end of the year he was appointed to command 10th Irish Division,
with the rank of Major General, and saw more fighting in Macedonia
and Palestine (including actions at Kosturino, Struma, Megiddo and
Gaza). For his service during the 1914-18 war, General Longley was
awarded the CMG, the CB and finally the KCMG. Besides receiving
several foreign decorations, he was Mentioned in Despatches no less
than ten times. After the war Sir John took over the 44th Home Counties
Division, a command which he retained until 1923 when he retired
from the Army.
During the Second World War he was re-employed as a Brigadier and
served in Dover Garrison. He died in February 1953.
and Medals of Major General Sir John Raynsford Longley
medals and decorations are:-
Knight Commander of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael
and St George (cross and badge)
Companion of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath (Military)
South African Medal (1899-1902) Bars South Africa 1902,
Transvaal, Orange Free State, Cape Colony
1914 Star Bar 5th Aug - 22nd Nov 1914
British War Medal (1914-20)
Victory Medal with Mention in Despatches
King George V Coronation Medal
King George V Silver Jubilee Medal
King George VI Coronation Medal
Order of the Nile (Egypt) Grand Room (star and badge)
Commander of the Order of St Maurice and St Lazarus (Italy)